Family Research – English, Scottish and Irish Genealogy

18/5/2012

Australian Convict Transportation Registers – Other Fleets & Ships, 1791-1868

Transportation, as a punishment for convicted criminals in England and other parts of the British Empire, came about in the seventeenth century. At first transportation was primarily to America. However, this stopped with the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War in 1776 and a new penal colony in Australia was developed. The First Fleet left for Australia in 1787, the Second Fleet in 1789-1790, and the Third Fleet in 1791. Transportation was formally abolished in 1868, but had not been practiced for nearly a decade before that. By the time transportation was discontinued, approximately 160,000 people had been sent to Australia. for more click here

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