Family Research – English, Scottish and Irish Genealogy

19/7/2010

Heraldry

In the Middle ages when nights wore armour that completely covered them there grew up a custom of emblazoning devices on shields,banners and surcoats so that the wearers could be recognised on the field of battle.

In slow degrees an elaborate science of heraldry developed. Strict rules were laid down regulating the assumption and design of armorial bearings and colleges of heralds were founded to enforce observance of the rules. Most of the terms used in heraldry are French because that language was the most widelt used while the science was growing up

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Several coats of arms are often arranged or marshalled on the same shield or escutcheon to show marriage, descent, alliance, or territorial possessions. To do this the shield is divided into sections

In Scotland the person dealing with all questions of heraldry is the Lord Lyon. The Court of the Lord Lyon – the official heraldry office for Scotland

The Court of the Lord Lyon is the heraldic authority for Scotland and deals with all matters relating to Scottish Heraldry and Coats of Arms and maintains the Scottish Public Registers of Arms and Genealogies.for more click here


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Grants of arms in England to those entitled to bear them are made by the College of Arms or Heralds court. The College of Arms is the official repository of the coats of arms and pedigrees of English, Welsh, Northern Irish and Commonwealth families and their descendants. Its records also include official copies of the records of Ulster King of Arms the originals of which remain in Dublin. for more click here

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