Family Research – English, Scottish and Irish Genealogy



Thirlage was the term used for the law in regard of the milling of grain for personal or other uses. Vassals in a feudal barony were thirled to their local mill owned by the feudal superior. People so thirled were called suckeners and had no choice but to use and help maintain the mill.

The term ‘Thirl’ originated from the feudal past when a thirl was a body servant, retainer or vassal to a noble or chief. The term is interchangeable with ‘Carl’ and indicates subservience to the feudal lord and feudal laws; the situation being not that far removed from the conditions of slavery. for more click here

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