Family Research – English, Scottish and Irish Genealogy


Convict women in Port Jackson


In 1788 the First Fleet landed at Camp Cove in Port Jackson with the ‘cargo’ of convicts which helped establish the penal colony of New South Wales. One in five of the convicts to arrive in the penal colony (1788-1823) was female and they made up the largest group of female colonists in Port Jackson.

The typical convict woman was in her twenties. She was from England or Ireland and had been convicted of robbery – sentenced for seven years as punishment for her crime. She was single and could read but not write. Many convict women were first offenders and given sentences of transportation for crimes that were quite minor, such as pick pocketing, shoplifting or prostitution. for more click here

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