Family Research – English, Scottish and Irish Genealogy


Searching for the Origin of Nethery

I have included this piece of research because it sets out a example for all of us as to how good genealogical research should be done. However to do this very high standard of work takes time and a lot of effort and I would like to thank Nellie Graham Lowry for her kind permission to reproduce her work in full.

Origin OF The Nethery Name

9654 Kessler Av, Chatsworth CA 91311 818-886-4968

April 10, 1998

Dear Friends,

Enclosed is the report on the Nethery research that I have been working on for a few months. This is the first report, a second report will follow some time later.
I really want to thank you all for your co-operation in sending me information that you had acquired in your searches. A wonderful family effort to find your origins.

Special thanks to Jim Nethery of PA for organizing many documents that he had researched earlier. Because of his efforts the project was greatly enhanced. Also thanks to Marilyn Neathery McCluen and Loyal Nethery for advice. Lynda Rangeley has sent a ged/com of the Nethery/Neathery that she has in her files which will great enhance the second part of this project.

Le gach deogh dhurachd,
[With every good wish]


Project participants:

James Nethery Santa Ana, CA

James J Nethery Philadelphia, PA

James W Nethery Northbrook, IL

Melvin R Nethery Millville, CA

Loyal E Nethery Colorado Springs, CO

Yvonne G Messerschmidt Stockton, CA

Jessie Nethery-Usrey Sonora, CA

Searching for the Origin of Nethery

The search for you has been in operation for a lifetime. I was first acquainted with your problem when I was asked to evaluate the material that Jim Nethery of PA had organized for the Lord Lyon to request that the Nethery family be named as a sept or associated family of Clan Graham by Chieftain Richard Graham of Atlanta. Four years later I met Jim along with two other Jim Netherys (CA and IL) at the San Diego Highland Games. At that time I met with the Jim Netherys and we discussed this project.

Many have contributed information for this research. I have divided the project into 2

parts. 1. Study of the name Nethery

2. Study of Early Netherys, looking for the first use of the name

This is the report on part one.

Sir Malcolm Innes of Edingight, Lord Lyon King of Arms, in response to a 1993 letter from the President of Clan Graham Society who was trying to have those of the surname “Nethery” regarded as a sept of Clan Graham, states “It may be that one can find one or two individuals who have been dependent on someone of the surname Graham but evidence of that nature is really not sufficient to suggest that everyone of the surname ‘Nethery’ should be so regarded”. He noted that the surname ‘Nethery’ is not treated in The Surnames of Scotland nor in A Dictionary of Surnames by Patrick Hanks and Flavia Hodges.

The Surnames of Scotland is considered by most researchers as an excellent source for helping people discover their family lines in Scotland. It was researched and written by a New York City Public Librarian, George F. Black. It is a major reference work, first published in 1946, a fully documented listing of over 8,000 Scottish family and personal names and is an invaluable source of information for genealogists, historians and families interested in their Scottish ancestry. He does not mention the names Nethery or Netherby. He does have a entry of Niddry, but it makes no comparison to Nethery, or any of its variant spellings. Having used this resource, he always links many variants with the main entry word. Why is Nethery not mentioned?

The other source that is used to help interested parties, is Tartan for Me by Dr. Philip D. Smith, which is in it 6th printing and revision. He does not mention any of the variant spellings of Nethery, but in 1992 he sent a personal letter to James J. Nethery of PA, which I will speak to later in this report, stating that all persons with the surname of Nethery should wear the Graham tartan. I have enclosed a copy of that letter.

Professor Gordon Donaldson highlights some of the difficulties, which are encountered in researching surnames and the dangers of jumping to conclusions. He states four main sources of surnames:

Place names and names originating with a man who lived in or came from a place. A proprietor was particularly likely to take his name from his estate, but tenants and others also took their names from their places of residence. A number of families could originate in the same place and take their names from it without being related to each other
2. Names derived from a craft or occupation.

3. Epithets or nicknames, originally descriptive of some individual, such as Little or Gray.

4. Names of patronymic origin, prominent in Lowland Scotland by the suffix -“son”. Robert’s son might be John Robertson, his son Andrew Johnson, his son Peter Anderson, and so on. In the Highlands, ‘son of was denoted by the prefix ‘Mac-‘.

Donaldson says that one very important qualification to any attempt to use surnames as guides to pedigree arises from the fact that right on into the eighteenth century at least, there was a tendency for men to adopt the surname of their landlord as their own surname, and when a man moved from one estate to another he might change his name. Serious research into ancestry must be used to establish surnames kinship and descent.

Variant spellings:

Donaldson states that “one very elementary error is to believe that there is some significance in variant spellings of the same name”. Until a mere two and a half centuries ago the spelling of proper names was quite arbitrary. The same name is spelled differently within the very same document. No significance whatever must be attached to different spellings as indicative of ancestry or relationship. It was simply a matter of chance, as spelling did become standardized, that certain families adopted particular spellings and other families, possibly closely related to them, adopted different spellings. There is some reason to believe that the official recording of names had a certain influence toward stabilizing surnames, and in some areas the establishment of the Register of Sasines in 1617 clearly had some effect. Variations on names further declined because ministers, in their registers of baptisms, marriages and burials, preferred names, which they did not think outlandish. Variation survived into the nineteenth century when it was curbed by the compulsory registration of births, marriages and deaths from 1855, because Registrars began to insist that an individual must use the same surname as his father had used.

Forms of your Surname:

Nethery Neathery

Netherly Neatherly

Netherby Netherry

Nethaway Nithrie

Nethrie Netherie

Nedderie Nedrie

Niddrie Niddry


In the Scottish place name dictionary, ‘nathair’ means adder, snake; ‘nether’ – lower; Netherbrae in Grampian District – lower brae; Netherburn in Strathclyde – lower stream; Nether Kirkton in Strathclyde – lower church (town); Netherton – a lesser farm; and Nethy Bridge in Highland on the Nethy River. Which could mean that the Netherys are the clan that lives by the Nethy River. A special note is that the adder is the only poisonous snake in the British Isles.

In a Gaelic dictionary the word ‘nithear’ means shall be done. The word ‘nathair’ pronounced /na-hir/ mean serpent, viper, snake.

I found the name is Wales as Nedd and Neath, in England as Nidd and probably meaning ‘glistening’.

Netherby is also a term of Scandinavian extraction.

The best and most scholarly definition comes from Dr. Philip D Smith, Professor of Languages and Linguistics. Professor Smith teaches Gaelic and has written and lectured widely on tartan, Scottish history and culture. He is the author of “Tartan for Me”, as stated earlier, and a co-author, with Dr. Gordon Teall, of “District Tartans”. In a 1992 letter which he wrote to Jim Nethery of PA he states “It is my belief that the name Nethery is an apocopated (shortened) form of Netherby found in the north of Ireland.” He explains how he arrived at that conclusion. “Netherby is the name of at least three villages in the north of England (nether, ‘lower; byr, Norse ‘village’). The north Irish name probably derives from Netherby in Cumbria from whence the Grahams relocated to North Ireland. At that time, most of the local population of North Ireland were still speakers of the Irish language (Gaelge), a cousin to the Gaelic of Scotland. In both of these languages the sound combination -rb- is not permissible. To overcome this, Gaelic speakers insert an unwritten vowel sound in between the two. Garbh, for example, is pronounced /gahr-uhv/ with an intruded vowel sound /uh/. An alternative to Irish speakers when bringing a word such as Netherby into the language is simply to omit the /b/ sound. I believe that this is what happened to ‘Netherby’. In rapid colloquial speech the /b/ became slurred and omitted in writing. Hence, Nethery. Pending finding documentation which can show this transition, I suggest that persons with the surname Nethery choose to wear the Graham tartan as descended or associated with the Grahams of Netherby.”

Sara Blanch Nethery Todd, age 82 of Omagh, Tyrone, Ireland stated in 1992 that at one time there was a “b” in the name and that the clan came from Scotland. To reinforce the above thesis, last week an e-mail crossed my desk from Gord Stronge of Vancouver, BC. He noted that his family came from Co. Fermanagh, Ireland and later Prince Edward County, Ontario, Canada. His g-g-g-grandfather William was listed alternately as Nethery and Netherby in Prince Edward county records…. my thoughts, the people of Prince Edward county were of Gaelic descend and could hear the /b/.

Marilyn Neathery McCluen feels that the name came from Netherby. Editor Ivor Guild of the Scottish Genealogy Society in 1984 stated that he had no knowledge of the origin of the name Nethery; I am sure that it has no connection with “Nethergate” which is quite simply the lower gate into a city or town. “I think it is more possible that the name came from the property of some person, since, as you will be aware, it has long been the custom in Scotland to address people by the name of their estate”, says Guild.

My finding is that the surname ‘Nethery’ is not treated in 99% of publications studied. [See sources investigated with no Nethery, or variant spellings found in appendix.]

The Nethery family is definitely a place name surname.

Netherby Hall is located 3/4 of a mile south of Scotland’s border in England Netherby is right alongside the Esk, a lower place by the river.

The Barony of Grahams of Netherby, county Cumberland, England was created 1783.

– The General Armory.

James Graham, who came to America and the East Indies, returned to Cumberland a wealthy man. He settled near Netherby Hall, the residence of his cousin Sir James Graham, calling his place “Barack Lodge”.

England: Netherby in North Yorkshire, near Norton-Conyers, another Graham house

Other Nethery places:

Early Nethery hometown of Fettercairn is less than 10 miles from Montrose, Scotland.

Netherley – town southwest of Aberdeen about 9 miles

Nethy is a burn, running to the Earn in Abernethy parish, Perthshire.

Nethy is a rivulet, running about 12 miles northward from the Cairngorm Mountains to the River Spey at Abernethy Church, lnvernesshire.

Nethy-Bridge is a railway station adjacent to Nethy rivulet, 4-½ miles southwest of Granttown, about 50 miles west of Aberdeen.

Grahams of Netherby:

Malise Graham, 1 st Earl of Menteith’s youngest son, John Graham of Kilbride is identified by tradition with Sir John Graham of the Bright Sword, and claimed as the ancestor of this and other families of Graham belonging to “the Debateable Land.” According to Lord Burghley, the first of the Grahams to settle in England was William Graham, called “Long Will” who was banished from Scotland about 1516. He married Margaret Muschet and had 8 sons. Their eldest son was Richard Graham in Netherby. This Richard is the grandfather of Walter Graham of Netherby, chief of the family in 1596.

The whole Sept of the Grahams, under their chief Walter, the gude man of Netherby, was exported to Ireland. The reason stated was because they had been troublesome on the Scottish border. They were transported from the port at Workington, County Cumberland, England to Roscommon, Ireland, which is south of the three counties mentioned for the Nethery family. The Sept at this time consisted of 124 persons, nearly all bearing the surname of Graeme or Graham. The Anglo-Irish and other Genealogies page 231 states “In 1606 the descendants of Richard of Netherby were banished to Ireland. Their land was forfeited, and was sold in 1629 to Richard Graham, second son of Richard Graham, of Plomp, son of Matthew Graham of Springhill, beyond which it is impossible to trace the present family of Graham of Esk and Netherby.” This gives you some indication of the difficult problems that we are up against.

Grahams of the Borders:

There were no Grahams of the Borders before 1527. Since they were exported to Ireland in 1606, they were not long in the Cumberland area, yet many of the Grahams didn’t stay in Ireland a year. Some came back to the borders, others went into Scotland, some to Yorkshire and Northumberland and others to the New World within a few years. All tried to hide their identity and especially as they were identified with the Grahams. The Border Reivers were not “nice guys”. They seemed to get into lots of trouble in the few short years that they lived in the area. In 1597 Francis Graham of Canonbie, his brother Langton, and Walter Graham of Netherby were named by Andrew Graham for having completed the last mischief in the Borders. There was also a Richard Graham of Nethery cited at this time.

Many historians feel that the Grahams came into the Border area from nearby Dryfe in Dumfriesshire. It is well know that ‘Lang Will’ was banished from Scotland into England, but nowhere does it state his place of origin. Many feel that he came to Netherby probably from Arthuret, County Cumberland, England.

In the book Clans, Septs, and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands, first published in 1908, Frank Adam on p.222 states that “The Grahams of Esk, Netherby, and Norton-Conyers (in England) are descended from Sir John Graham of Kilbride, near Dunblane, who was second son of Malise, lst Earl of Strathhearn. Sir John, having fallen into disfavour at the Scottish Court, retired along with a considerable following, to the ‘Debateable Land’ on the Borders, and settled on lands on the banks of the River Esk.”

According to family tradition, the Grahams had been banished from Scotland, and settled along the banks of the Esk and Lyne Rivers Oust north of Carlisle) and from there into Northumberland. By the middle of the sixteenth century they were 500-armed men strong under Lang William Graham of Stubhill, to whose son, Fergus of the Mote, arms were granted some three years later. By the end of the century it was estimated that Rob Graham alone commanded 2,000-3,000 men useful to England.

Not only did intermarriage and self-interest enable the Grahams, from their base in the Debatable Lands, to be useful to England or to Scotland at will, but their loyalties seem to have been curiously divided even among themselves. John Graham complained that “Dick Graham, Englishman” had raided his house at Canonbie (this is Richard Graham of Netherby).

Border Reivers:

The Borderers were happy to fight each other for their own ends, their naturalcussedness would become evident. They might be led, but on no account would they be driven; least of all by officialdom to whom they were naturally allergic. It was often difficult to know on whose side a particular surname

might be operating. Thomas Musgrave wrote “They are a people that will be Scottish when they will and English at their pleasure.’ The Bishop of Carlisle agreed, complaining “there is more theft, more extortion by English thieves than there is by all the Scots of Scotland. They take all their cattle and horses, their corn as they carry it to sow. Or to the mill to grind. And at their houses bid them deliver what they will have or they shall be fired and burnt.” The Grahams were known as a clan with a soul above nationality and an eye directed almost exclusively to the main chance. They obeyed no master unless it happened to suit them.

Robbery, murder, blackmail and kidnapping; the Grahams indulged in them all. They also encouraged the Armstrongs to do their dirty work for them.

Debateable Land:

In 1583 there appear to be three Graham clans in this tiny area:

Grahams of the Leven lived on the banks of the Lyne from Solport to its junction with the Esk. These were “great riders and ill doers to both the realms”. There was Dick Graham alias “Black Dick” and Dick Graham of the Woods, John Graham of Westlinton and Richard Graham of Randilinton; Andrew Graham of the Mill, Will Graham of Stonystonerigg, and George Graham alias “Parsell’s Gorth,” who was afterwards murdered by Thomas Musgrave.

Another great clan of Grahams-the Grahams of the Esk-occupied the banks of that river from the Mote Scar, where the Liddel joins it, down to the sea. There they feuded with the Storys family and took their land.

Out west, on the edge of the Debateable Land, dwelt the Grahams of the Sark, English on this side of the stream, Scottish on the other.

In 1910 T. H. B. Graham researched and wrote about the Grahams of this area. He gives their pedigree as:

1) Old Rich of Netherby’s descendants amounted in 1583 to more than a hundred men besides women. His second son William, alias “Riches Will,” married as his first wife an Armstrong, daughter of the laird of Mangerton

2) Arthur of Canobie

3) Fergus of Mote’s sons, William and Arthur, were convicted of murder, but were “loused”. William was “slain’ shortly afterwards, and Arthur lived on his father’s land at the Mote until he was killed by Thomas Musgrave in self defense. Another son, Francis, married a daughter of Edward Irwin of Bonshaw, and lived at Canobie, “sworn denizen to the king ” of Scotland. It was probably a daughter of this Fergus who married Irwin, laird of Gretna.

4) John of Meadop, who married a sister of Edward Irwin of Kirkpatrick, was known as “the braid”. His sons were Richard, called “Meadop”; William of Meadop, who married an Irwin, sister of the laird of Gretna, and is described as “the brute of this whole country’; Jock, called “Braid’s Jock”, who married a daughter of Edward Irwin of Bonshaw; Simon, Fergus, Francis, and another son Jock, who appears to have been known later as “Jock of the Lake”. Their sister married John Armstrong, alias “Laird’s John” of Mangerton, and had two sons identified “riders in England”.

5) Thomas of Kirkandrews, afterwards known as “Little Tom,” had a son Davie of Bankhead; George, alias “Thomas Gorth”, who married Will of Kinmont’s sister; and, Thomas Carleton married his (Thomas Gorth’s) daughter.

6) George of the Fauld (called by a slip of the pen William) had a son Rob of the Fauld, who married the laird of Hownam’s daughter; another William who married a daughter of Hector Armstrong of Harelaw; and George of the Fauld.

7) William of Carliell’s son Arthur was “Scottish”, and lived at the Red Kirk. Fergus was known as “Forge of Nunnery”, and dwelt on the ground King Henry gave his father. Other sons were “Will of Rosetrees” and “George of Carliell”. A daughter married George Armstrong of Bygams, one of the Mangerton family.

8) Hutchin’s son Andrew married a daughter of Dave Johnston of Annandale; Robert married a daughter of Edward Irwin of Bonshaw; Richard Graham, alias “Gares Rich”, was “water keeper for England” in 1592. “Huchon’s children” seem to have lived on the Debateable Land.

Thomas Musgrave states that the Grahams of Pear-tree were “of Esk” but he cannot identify them in the pedigree. Pear-tree is shown on early maps of Cumberland. Hutchin Graham and a Jock Graham of Pear-tree have been mentioned. All of these places are close to Solway Moss, which may have served as a place of retreat.

The Debateable Land had already in 1552 been partitioned between England and Scotland. Scots Dyke is the modern name of the dividing line. This border was to be watched every night by many men. The Grahams of Netherby and Mote held their “fair livings” by the service of having their horses ready and keeping the night watches of the border. Their residence in 1557 was described as “Netherby Citadel”.

Since 1548 when the young Queen of Scots set sail for France, the Border had been the scene of constant bloodshed and pillage by rival factions. Several Grahams were mentioned in the Bell manuscript: Richie Graham of the Bailey; Will’s Jock (a Graham); Richard Graham of Akeshaw Hill; Will Graham of Rosetrees; Richie Graham, son of the Goodman of Breconhill; Richie Graham the younger of Netherby; Jock of the Lake’s Christie (a Graham); Wat Graham, alias “Flaugh-tail”, Will Graham, alias “Nimble Willie”, and Will Graham, alias “Mickle Willie”, Walter Graham, William Graham of the Esk; James Graham and Hutchin Graham of the Peartree.”

The people of Liddel barony were not content with mere raids, for they actually seized and permanently occupied land in Scotland. In 1592 Lord Maxwell, the Scottish lord warden, lodged a formal complaint against the Grahams of Netherby, Bankhead, the Fauld, and others in respect of their “violent and masterful occupation” for 30 years past of the whole parish of Kirkandrews and stewardry of Annandale. Also against the Grahams of Plomp, Netherby, Millhill, the Fauld, Meadop, and Brackenfill for similar occupation by themselves and their tenants during 25 years of the barony of Springkell, Logan and Watoune and against the Grahams of Netherby, Mote and Brackenhill for their similar occupation during 25 years of Harelaw and Canobie.

They frequently quarreled amongst themselves, and a single instance will serve to show their brutality to one another. In 1584 a coroner’s jury at Carlisle returned a verdict that Simon Graham of Meadop, John Graham of the Lake (brother of Richard, Alias “Meadop”), and Richard Graham, alias “Longtown”, of Breconhill, all yeomen, and a large party of others described as husbandman and labourers, assaulted George Graham, alias “Percival’s Geordie”, at Leven Bridge; that “Longtown”, with a lance, struck George Graham between the shoulders, and he fell to the ground. When he rose “Sim of Meadop”, with a sword, struck him on the calf of the left leg, giving him a mortal wound 81/2 thumbs long, four broad, and three deep, and a similar wound on the calf of the right leg, of which he died, and that Thomas Carleton of Askerton, gentleman, harboured 15 of the murderers. It was a miserable family dispute about land. “Longtown” (described as Richard Graham of Brakenhill, gentleman) and others were found guilty of murder. The sons of Thomas Graham, alias “Little Tom”, of Bankhead upon Esk, were also implicated, but, strange to say, nobody was executed for this atrocious crime. Sim Meadop was shot with a “dag” by another Graham some years afterwards. The excuse was “family feud” and that the deceased was himself a murderer and outlaw, and as such not entitled to the queen’s protection. [Interesting to me, in the original manuscript, the lance, sword and the dag that was used have a value amount listed!]

The Grahams had lots of friends: in 1597 two notorious thieves, Jock of the Peartree and Will of the Lake of Esk, were sent to the Queen’s gaol here, yet the gaoler kept them in his house, and the next day, his friends came and took away the prisoners, having horses ready, while others with guns and dags lay in wait outside the city gate, to shoot any who should pursue, and followed to protect their retreat. Those who aided the rescue were John of the Lake, George his son, Rich Graham of Aikshawhill, Will Graham, son to Hutchin’s Richie, David his brother, Wat brother of Jock of Peartree, George Graham alias “George Cartel”.

There exists a pedigree of the Grahams in 1596 with notes by Lord Burghley. He names all the Grahams and their ancestors for the generations from William Graham ‘Lang Will’ who was banished from Scotland about 1516. Finally the Grahams saw the handwriting on the wall and tried to appease the government but when James I came to the throne, he showed the utmost zeal and determination in uprooting the landed families of Liddel, against whom he naturally bore a grudge. He arranged for their passage to Ireland from Workington at the expense of the county.

T. H. B. Graham concluded his study saying that the Grahams “were a powerful factor in local politics, and adopted the dangerous maxim that might is right; but in the circumstances, they were no worse than other lairds of the borderland.”

However, it needs to be mentioned here that all of the troublesome Grahams were not deported to Ireland. Many had taken refuge among their friends and relations. Even the Earl of Montrose had come forward to protest against the arrest of his cousin of Netherby.

Huddleston & Boumphrey’s Cumberland Families and Heraldy page 135, states that in 1657 Netherby was unsuccessfully claimed by James Orme, citizen and weaver of London, and Joan his wife, daughter of John Graham, son of Walter Graham (the one deported to Ireland in 1606).

Early use of the name Nethery:


Co Perth, Scotland: a Margaret Nithrie married Allen Mackie 1643

Co Moray, Elgin: a Thomas Nedrie was born to Robert Nedrie and Isobell Russell 1667

Co Angus, Montrose: a Robert Nedrie was born to Andrew Nedrie 1670

Co Midlothian, Scotland: an Andrew Nithrie married Catharine McFarlane 1680

Co Angus, Forfar: a Thomas Nevey was born to Thomas Nevey 1704

Co Kindardine, Scotland: an Elizabeth Nethrie married John Balford at Fettercairn 1722


In 1656 in Dublin there is a Margerey Nederly, born to William Nederly.

Robert Nethery of Magherenny, parish of Longfield, Co. Tyrone; father of Thomas Nethery who is to marry Mary Shields, daughter of Robert Shields 1796. At that time Robert transferred one third of his lands in Magerney to his son, Thomas. Witnessed by William Nethery and James Shield. [This is the only Nethery in the index to grantors 1708-1831.]

The Genealogical Office in Dublin Castle, Ireland in 1978 stated in a letter to Marshall Neathery that “it would appear that the only Netherys (or variants) living in Ireland in the 18th and l9th century were confined to Co. Tyrone and possibly residing in the parish of Longfield.”

Earliest in America is:

*Robert Nethery 1667 in St. Mary’s Colony of Maryland. Indentured to Thomas Spinks.

*James Nethery, Jacobite, was transported to Maryland in 1716. Captured at Preston, England [Interesting to note that there are 13 Preston towns in England]14 Nov 1715. Was in the Earl of Winton’s Army. Sent from Liverpool, England on the “Friendship” – Capt. Michael Mankin to the Colony of Maryland. Indentured to Col. William Holland

*Thomas Nethery (1719 – 1798) of Mecklenburg Co VA in 1767,

*John Nethery of Orange Co NC 1755; James in 1764

*James Nethery of Chester Co PA 1765; also John and Robert

*Daniel Nethery of Rowan Co NC 1768


The Netherys of Ireland were Protestants. They belonged to both Presbyterian and Church of Ireland churches. The Nethery family in Ireland seems to be located in three counties, Fermanagh, Tyrone and Donegal. Donegal is adjacent to and north and west of the other two counties. In Tyrone County Netherys are found in the towns of Ederny, Drumquin, Beragh, Fintona, all surrounding the larger city of Omagh.

Mahharennt is a “Township” – a subdivision of a Parish, as I understand it. Upper and Lower Langfield Parishes cover the area around Drumquin. In Drumquin, Co Tyrone, Ireland 1840-1868 we find John, Robert, James, Alexander, and Robert Edward; also Eliza, Anne, Fanny, Rebecca Catherine, Isabella, Mary Eliza, Jane, Mary, Mariah Nethery.

Many Netherys came from the Civil Parishs of Longfield East and Longfield West. Both Unshinagh and Drumquin are townlands of Longfield East. The Griffiths Valuation of 1860 lists a James Nethery of Unchinagh. There are 23 Netherys listed in 1860 as landholders in Longfield East and Longfield West, 12 of them are named James Nethery.

Early to Ireland:

It needs to be noted that after Fergus Graham of Mote’s son Arthur was killed by the Queen’s deputy-captain, Arthur’s sons received an annual pension from Her Majesty. Fergus’ son Richard had received knighthood (1600) and his younger brother George was so honored in 1603. Richard or Roger Graham, son of the above Fergus, had a grant in 1565 at Whitechurch, Co. Kildare, Ireland.

From The Irish Pedigrees it states “in 1606 we find a list of Grahams who arrived in Dublin, part of the great body of the clan removed by James VI to Ireland (or James I of England)”. Walter Graham of Netherby had three sons: Richard, Arthur and Thomas. All three were banished to Ireland in 1606.

From the time that the Grahams of the Borders set foot on the Emerald Isle, life was full of difficulties and not all of their own making. George MacDonald Fraser in The Steel Bonnets has Walter Graham of Netherby, his wife and eight children, of whom the eldest is an outlaw, and the second a “disorderly person”. The Grahams did not like Roscommon. They had arrived in Dublin late in September 1606, and were met by two gentlemen of their own name, Irish residents, who promised to help them settle. [it appears that these two gentlemen are the two sons of Fergus Graham of Mote, the second son of ‘Lang’ Will Graham. They are both Knights, Sir George and Richard of Tullyah, Co. Cavan. They had been sent earlier to help with the plantation of Ireland which was ineffective and totally destroyed in the 1641-1653 civil war.] The land in Roscommon lacked wood and water; the money promised to aid the Grahams for the coming year was pocketed by Sir Ralph Sidey. Within two years there were only half a dozen families left in Roscommon. The rest scattered, some of them settling with one of their Irish kinsmen, Sir George Grame. Some of the youngest males were sent into the army. The family was scattered to the wind. This shows another aspect of the difficulty that we have finding the Netherys, with no trail leading back to their origin.

The conditions in Ireland were not good when the Grahams arrived, as noted in a letter written by Sir John Davies to Robert, Earl of Salisbury in 1610:

‘When the English Pale was first planted all of the natives were clearly expelled, so as not one Irish family had so much as an acre of freehold in all the five counties of the Pale; and now, within those four years past, the Grahams were removed from the borders of Scotland to this kingdom, and had not one foot of land allotted unto them here; but these natives of Cavan have competent portions of land assigned unto them, many of them in the same barony where they dwelt before, and such as are removed are planted in the same county …….”

John Graham in his book Condition of the Border states “the condition of the outcasts having become wholly desperate, many of them fled rather than face starvation, and, by some means found their way home to the Border to the surprise and vexation of the authorities. The wrath of the King on hearing that several of them had returned from their costly and ‘comfortable’ settlement in Roscommon can be more easily imagined than described.” King James stated “The Grahams who have returned from Ireland deserve the least favour. You are to proceed against them in justice (hanging) both for their offences and for the sake of example to others.”

Name taken by Grahams banished to Ireland.

-Maharg or Graham spelled backward -Warnock -Grahams of Netherby assumed Netherby as a last name -MacGilvernock

Pyatt is a sept of Clan Graham. They were Grahams that changed their name and then later asked to have it changed back to the original. In Black’s Surnames of Scotland page 676, it lists only Pyott, but in the discussion has other spellings:

“Some individuals named Pyet petitioned the Estates of Parliament In 1707 for permission to change their name to Graham. ‘Act in favours of William Pyet his Kinsmen and Relations.’ That your Petitioners Predicessors, were of the Sirname of Graham, and through the unhappy Difference, that in the last Age, did frequently fall out betwixt Clanns; They, by their Neighbours, were forced from their Native Residence, and obliged to Cover themselves under the Sirname of Pyet – And We having by certain Tradition, the True Account of Our Origine, & Sirname of Graham: And We being Earnestly Desirous to be Restored, and make Use of the same in all time coming-, which We cannot do, having trade both at Home and Abroad, without a Publick Act, whereby the Traders with Us may be Certiorat. May it therefore please your Grace and Lordships to allow Us to Assume and Use Our Ancient Sirname of Graham; and to discharge the ignominious Nick-name of Pyet, in all time coming. And Your Petitioners shall ever pray.

Edinb: 7 Mar 1707

Her Majestie’s high Commissioner and the Estates of Parliament having heard this petitions They grant the desire thereof and alloues the petitioners to assume and use their ancient surname of Graham and discharges the nickname of Pyet in all time

comeing. SEAFIELD: Canceller: I.P.D. P.

The name is the same as Pye as show by the famous Howff (Dundee) tombstone of Eufamie Pye, which carries the arms of Pyot.”

Name Nethery found: Sir Walter Scott in poem “Lochinvar” ….Netherby

0, young Lochinvar is come out of the west,

Through all the wide Border his steed was the best;

And save his good broadsword he weapons had none,

He rode all unarmed, and he rode all alone.

So faithful in love, and so dauntless in war.

There never was knight like the young Lochinvar.

He staid not for brake, and he stopp’d not for stone,

He swam the Esk River where ford there was none;

But ere he alighted at Netherby gate,

The bride had consented, the gallant came late:

For a laggard in love, and a dastard in war,

Was to wed the fair Ellen of brave Lochinvar.

So boldly he entered the Netherby Hall,

Among bride’s-men, and kinsmen, and brothers, and all:

Then spoke the bride’s father, his hand on his sword,

(For the poor craven bridegroom said never a word)

‘O come ye in peace here, or come ye in war,

Or to dance at our bridal, young Lord Lochinvar?’

‘I long woo’d your daughter, my suit you denied;-

Love swells like the Solway, but ebbs like its tide-

And now I am come, with this lost love of mine,

To lead but one measure, drink one cup of wine.

There are maidens in Scotland more lovely by far,

That would gladly be bride to the young Lochinvar.’

The bride kissed the goblet: the knight took it up,

He quaffed off the wine, and he threw down the cup.

She looked down to blush, and she looked up to sigh,

With a smile on her lips, and a tear In her eye.

He took her soft hand, ere her mother could bar,-

‘Now tread we a measure!’ said young Lochinvar.

So stately his form, and so lovely her face,

That never a hall such a galliard did grace;

While her mother did fret, and her father did fume,

And the bridegroom stood dangling his bonnet and plume;

And the bride-maidens whispered, ‘Twere better by far,

To have matched our fair cousin with young Lochinvar.’

One touch to her hand, and one word in her ear,

When they reached the hall-door, and the charger stood near;

So light to the croupe the fair lady he swung,

So light to the saddle before her he sprung!

‘She is wonl we are gone, over bank, bush, and scaur:

They’ll have fleet steeds that follow,’ quoth young Lochinvar.

There was mounting ‘mong Graemes of the Netherby clan;

Forsters, Fenwicks, and Musgraves, they rode and they ran:

There was racing and chasing on Cannobia Lee,

But the lost bride of Netherby ne’er did they see.

So daring in love, and so dauntless in war,

Have ye e’er heard of gallant like young Lochinvar?

Surnames of Scotland by Black p 629:Niddry, Niddrie, Nidray.

From the lands of Nodref (now Niddry) in the parish of Liberton, Midlothian. Alexander de Nodref witnessed an agreement between Adam Malherb and the Abbey of Neubotle, c. 1214-30 (Newbotle, p. 67). A family of the name of Nudre preceded the Wauchopes at Niddry, the date of their last charter of confirmation being dated 1364. In 1426 the lands of le Quhyne in the barony of North Berwick were confirmed to David Nudre. John de Nudre exchanged his tower and lands in Cramond with the bishop of Dunkeld for the lands of Cammo in the same parish. Thomas Nowddri, Scottish merchant, had warrant for safe conduct to travel in England in 1446, Gavin Newdere of Luthin appears as witness in Dirieton in 1519, and in 1526 David Nudry, burgess of Montrose, had a precept of remission. John Niddry was tanner in Elgin in 1736.

[Notice all the different spellings of this name and yet none look like Nethery.]

I found one case in Co Fermanagh, Ireland where an Alexander Nethery born 1798 in Co. Tyrone has in the same document his name spelled Alexander Niddery. His brother was William Nethery born 1784. They were sons of Lancelot Nethery. Alexander immigrated 1851 to Canada, his sister Jane had immigrated 3 decades earlier.

In The Scottish Nation: or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours & Biographical History of the People of Scotland is another description of Niddrie.

A surname, meaning king’s champion, derived from 2 Gaelic words, Niadh, champion and Ri or Rioch, king, and denoting that it was once the place of his residence. Niddry-Marshal, in the parish of Liberton, Midlothian, was so called from the Wauchopes, who, in ancient times, were guardians of part of the south borders of Scotland and to distinguish it from Longniddry in East Lothian, and Niddry Seton, Linlithgowshire.

The ancient family of Wauchope of Wauchope were originally settled in the parish of Langholm, Dunfriesshire, but since the 13th century their descendants have possessed the lands of Niddry Marischal, parish of Liberton, Midlothian, near Edinburgh. Their family history begins about 1296 and continues on, it is usually always seen Wauchope of Niddry.

Niddry is a village and seat, 3 % miles southeast of Edinburgh. The village commands a delightful view. The seat is partly an ancient baronial fortalice, partly a handsome modern edifice, and is near vestiges of an ancient chapel.

Niddry is also a hamlet and ruined ancient castle in Kirkliston parish, Linlithgowshire The castle stands adjacent to railway, Y2mile southwest of Winchburgh, belonged to the Earls of Winton, received Queen Mary on her escape from Loch Leven, and gave the peerage title of baron to General Sir John Hope, afterwards fourth Earl of Hopeton.


I feel strongly that the family name Nethery is directly derived from the family ‘Grahams of Netherby’. In researching the 1500s I find that surnames are rarely used in identifying individuals. They are more typically John of Cannobie, William of Langfield, and Richard of Netherby. All of the above are Grahams, but it is not often so stated. With the family of Walter Graham of Netherby exported to Ireland and the problems they faced there and the many examples of Grahams that changed their names, it is logical to understand how the descendants of Walter became James Netherby – – and then James Nethery.

I feel that the weight of Dr. Philip D. Smith’s word on Netherby becoming Nethery in Ireland and the Nethery family’s wearing of Graham tartan should have influenced the Lord Lyon and been recognized by him.

In this report I have included many names as I found them in my research so you could see that they are not often written with a first, middle and last name as is our custom, but that they were often “John of’ his town or residence. I was surprised at how many of them had nicknames, such as Nibble Willie or Black Dick.

I found no evidence of the surname Netherby being used before the exportation in 1606. The earliest use found in this research was in 1643. Hopefully, in the next part of the research, we will be able to find it in use a few years earlier. This reinforces my conclusion that the Grahams of Netherby in Ireland became just Netherby and that, with the Register of Sasines in 1617, the name was used and has continued to this day, with the /b/ removed for us non-Gaelic speakers.

I really could not find evidence that Niddry was related to Nethery. Smith in Tartan for Me recommends the Niddry family wear the Edinburgh district tartan. I included the Pyaft family petition of 1707 to show how one family related that they adopted a name when they were forced from their residence, but when they returned to Scotland they wanted their Graham name back.

It is very clear to me that the Nethery family is an associated family of Graham.

Nellie Graham Lowry


Mr. James J. Nethery,

805 Hellerman Street,

Philadelphia, PA 19111

Dear Mr. Nethery:

September 2, 1992

It is my belief that the name Nethery is an apocopated (shortened) form of Netherby found in the north of Ireland. May I explain why I have arrived at this conclusion.

Netherby is the name of at least three villages in the north of England (nether, “lower”; byr, Norse “village”). The north Irish name probably derives from Netherby in Cumbria from whence the Grahams relocated to North Ireland.

At that time, most of the local population of North Ireland were still speakers of the Irish language (Gaelge), a cousin to the Gaelic of Scotland. In both of these languages the sound combination -rb- is not permissible. To overcome this, Gaelic speakers insert an unwritten vowel sound in between the two. Garbh, for example, is pronounced /gahr-uhv/ with an intruded vowel sound /uh/.

An alternative to Irish speakers when bringing a word such as Netherby into the language is simply to omit the /b/ sound. I believe that this is what happened to “Netherby”. in rapid colloquial speech the /b/ became slurred and indistinct and, when literacy became more common, was omitted in writing. Hence, Nethery. Pending finding documentation which can shown this transition, I suggest that persons with the surname Nethery choose to wear the Graham tartan as descended or associated with the Grahams of Netherby.

I hope that you find this information useful.

Le gach deagh dhurachd – best wishes,








TEL. (717) 768-3714. FAX (717) 768-3311

No listing for Netherby/Nethery:

Euro-Travel Atlas:Great Britain, England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland; American Map Irish Names & Suranmes by Rev. Patrick Woulfe c1992

The Surnames of Ireland by Edward MacLysaght cl969

The Book of Ulster Surnames by Robert Bell cl988

Master Book of Irish Surnames by Michael O’Laughlin cl993

Books of Civil Survey, Co. Tyrone, 1659

Religious Census 1766, G. 0. 536 – several parishes in Co. Tyrone and Derry Index to Protestant Householders, G. 0. 539 – some parishes on Co. Derry and Antrim (Ireland) Flax Seed Premium List of 1796

Muster Roll of 1630, 1642

Book of Survey & Distribution – Co. Down – 1641

Subsidy Roll of 1663

Registry of Deed 1708

Computer: Rootsweb family newsletter (everyother family has one)

Book of Ulster Surnames by Robert Bell cl988

Ancient Scottish Surnames by William Buchanan cl820 reprint

English Surnames, Their Sources & Significations by C. W. Bardsley cl898 The Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families by L. C. Loyd cl951

Surnames of the United Kingdom 2 vol. cl9l2

Joseph Haydn’s Book of Dignities 1894

Irish Pedigrees Vol. I & 2 by John O’Hart cl976

Index to Prerogative Wills of Ireland by Sir Arthur Vicars cl897

The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales by Sir John Bernard Burke, 1996

Key to the ancient parish registers of England and Wales by Arthur Meredyth Burke cl962

The Scottish Migration to Ulster During the Reign of King James I


Donaldson, Gordon. Surnames and Ancestry in Scotland.

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. cl946.

MacLennan, Malcolm. Gaelic Dictionary.

Darton, Mike. Dictionary of Scottish Place Names cl990

Watson, Godfrey. The Border Reivers. cl974

Anderson, William. The Scottish Nation; or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours & Biographical History of the People of Scotland Vol. 3 cl875.

Phillimore, W. P. W. & Thrift, Gertrude. Indexes to Irish Wills 5 vol. in 1 cl9O9

Waters, Henry F. Genealogical Gleanings in England cl969

Anderson, William. The Scottish Nation; or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland London and Edinburgh, A. Fullerton & Go. Wilson, Rev. John. The Gazetteer of Scotland. Reprint 1996

O’Hart, John. Irish Pedigrees; or the Origin and Stem of The Irish Nation cl923

Reid, R. G. and Truckell, A. E. Dumfriesshire and Galloway, Natural History and Antiquarian

Society. Transactions and Journal of Proceedings 1959-1960

Collingwood, W G. Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society Vol. XI cl9ll

Fraser, George MacDonald. The Steel Bonnets

Graham, John. Condition of the Border at the Union, Destruction of the Graham Clan. cl905

Looking for the first Nethery

The organization all of this second report is to detail records were of the first use all of the surname Nethery occurs, starting with Irish records, then proceeding to the little information from Scotland and England. Then working in detail with the immigration and Colonial records all the early America, we look for that elusive first Nethery.

” In 1606 a hundred fourteen Grahams(of Netherby) were sent to Ireland to Sir Ralph Sidley in Roscommon. He was to give them land for three years rent free but payable on renewal of the leases. The Grahams had trouble with Sidley over their money, so many went on to Scotland.” Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmoreland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Vol. LXIX p 145.

Irish Records

Tithe Applotment books (1823 — 1838), and Griffith’s Primary Valuation records are viable census substitutes, because they record the names of the owners or occupiers of the land. The Griffith’s Primary Valuation (1848 — 1864) is a census of land occupiers and owners. It consists of surveys of land and buildings taken to determine what tax each person should pay to support the poor in each poor law union. All tenants and lessors of of land, buildings, and other property where to pay the tax. Names tenants and lessors of land, buildings and other property were to pay the tax. Names of tenants, lessors, townlands, parishes: and amounts of the tax are found in these records. I copied these and have included all Netherys that I could find in this report.

Some terms and should probably be explained here:

Poor law unions: In 1838 a poor relief act divided Ireland to into civil districts called poor union total which usually contained several parishes, many townlands, and generally was named after a large town in it.

Barrony: The barony is usually a small portion of county based upon old tribal boundaries. There are 273 baronies and Ireland.

Parish: there are two types of parishes — civil and church:

civil parishes are areas of local self — government. A civil parish contains several hamlets and townlands. In large cities they include many church parishes. There were 2,447 civil parishes in Ireland.

Church parishes are small areas of the church over which a parish priest or minister presides. The Church of Ireland parish boundaries usually agree with civil parish boundaries. Catholic parishes are larger and include several civil parishes.

Townlands: these are small areas of land such as family farms, some as small as an acre to over 7,000 acres. Normally the larger the size of the townland though more unusable and inhospitable the land. There are over 60,000 townlands in Ireland. Church records include records of births or christenings, marriages, and sometimes deaths or burials. Their records were kept in the Parish Registers. In 1876, a law was passed requiring that the Church of Ireland parish registers be sent to the Public Record Office in Dublin for safekeeping.

Civil registration commenced in 1864 but most Irish records were destroyed by fire in 1922. Records from 1864 to 1922, for all Ireland are held at the Office of Registrar General in Dublin. On 1 April 1845 the Irish government began registering marriages of Protestants; the local registrar kept the original certificates and sent copies of them to the Registrar General in Dublin, so if your ancestor was married after 1845, it might be possible to find this marriage record.

Virtually all 19th century census returns have been destroyed but the Irish censuses for 1901 and 1911 may be examined at the National Archives in Dublin. Old age pension records preserved some of the information from the 1841 and 1851 censuses, which were largely destroyed in 1922.

Most wealthy landowners owned estates that encompassed many villages and often large sections of counties. The entire population of a village may have rented their farms from one landlord. Often the only existing records kept by a landlord or his agent usually lists tenants, called rent rolls. (When a tenant died these rolls may have listed the name of a relative, such as a son who took over the father’s leases.) Estate records are difficult to find and time — consuming to search because they usually are not indexed.

For further information of available Irish records visit the Web page of the Genealogical Information Service of the United Kingdom and Ireland:

Results of Irish Research:

In the Muster Roll of Ireland of 1622 and 1630 for Tyrone and Armagh Counties, there is no one with the surname Nethery or any variant spelling. Graham is one of the common names of the Scottish borders ancestry listed 10 to 15 times in both 1622 and 1630 in Ireland.

The Tithe Applotment Books lists people who paid taxes to the Church of Ireland between 1820 in 1840. Griffith’s Primary Valuation Lists identify people who paid taxes to the Irish government between 1840 in 1864. These tax records give the names of individuals (head of households only), where there is resided, usually a description of their property, and the amount of tax paid.

In County Fermanagh, one Nethery household laws listed for the parish of Magheraculmoney in 1862 and for County Tyrone, ten Nethery house holders were listed for East Longfield Parish and seven for West Longfield, one Nethery each for Clogheryny and Dromore parishes; all these Tyrone parishes are situated in the larger territorial unit of Omagh barony. John Neddery and Alexander Neddery held 9 acres and 10 acres of land, respectively, at Big Ednaclaw in Magheraculmoney Parish and 1828. The first comprehensive civil census for Ireland was carried out in 1821. With the exception of the 1851 census to and for some parishes and County Fermanagh, no other pre-1901 civil census returns have survived for either County. Compulsory civil registration of births, marriages and deaths did not commence until 1864. Secondary records — the Paris registers, — survive for some parishes says the 18th-century and are in the custody of the local incumbent; registers exist for Magheraculmoney since the 1767. No early registers have survived for the previously mentioned County Tyrone parishes. Appropriate Will Administration and Marriage License Bond records as well as available Hearth Money Roll lists of the 17th century were also examined and Registry of Deeds, where records exist: exist, from 1708. Genealogical Office, Dublin Castle October 1977

Townland Names of County Tyrone with their meanings:

drumquin (druimcoain) Pleasant ridge; Parish – Longfield West

or (druim Cuinn) Conn’s ridge

Beragh (bearnach) A gapped place Parish – Clogherny

or (beitha) field of the birches

Omagh (omhaigh) A complete or Parish – Cappagh

sacred plain

“o” in old Irish signifies sacred

As many Nethery’s are traced to the area called Drumquin, County Tyrone, Ireland, I thought you might be interested in the description of Drumquin. In

“Drumquin, a market town in the parish of East Longfield, barony of Omagh, County of Tyrone and province of Ulster seven miles from Omagh on the river Roe and on the nearest road from Londonderry to Enniskillen; containing 406 inhabitants. It consists of one street and some detached houses which, with the exception of a few of recent erection, are indifferently built and thatched; and was founded by Sir John Davies about 1607 on a tract of 2,000 acres of land granted to him by James 1 in 1611, under the name of Clonaghmore on which he located in 16 British families. He also built castles at Kerlis and at Gavelagh on the Derg at which latter place he had another grant of 2,000 acres; and between the two castles constructed and excellent road, seven miles in a straight line over mountains and bogs which in several places still remains perfect. Here are a meeting — house for Presbyterian’s in connection with the Synod of Ulster.” Typographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837

References searched with notations

Ireland Registrar of Deeds 1708 — 1785

Ireland Registrar of Deeds 1786 — 1793

Ireland Registrar on Deeds 1800 — 1809

Hearth Money Roll, County Tyrone 1664

poor spelling: John Grachen, Thomas Grham, Coll MccGrachane, Rory McGaahan Hearth Money & Subsidy Rolls of Barony of Dungannon, 1666.

many, many names — no Nethery

Thomas Gram – Barony of Dunganon 1664 County Tyrone p 29

Neill McGram

Poll Tax ca 1662

Thorlagh MCGrana, Donaghy McGrana

Subsidy Roll, County Tyrone 1663/1664 4th Subsidy Roll, County Tyrone of 1664

Mall McGrane 3 shillings

John Nethers 5 shillings

Thomas Gran 4 shillings

James Hamilton 3 shillings

Census of Ireland, circa 1659

Roscommon County and Athlone Borrough:

Parish of Clunfinlagh, townlands of Casselsherwood and Clunfinlagh,

Has 47 people, all Irish, including Lawrence Netervill, Thomas Butler,

and Edward Nugent, gents.

No Nethery

Lawrence Netervill 575 in Co. Roscommon, parish Clunfinlagh

Robert Netreuile 480 Esq. Co. Meath, parish Dunowre, townland Crusrath

{23 people, all Irish}

George Neverel 642 govt. official, County Westmeath

William Neave 621 govt. official, County Wicklow

Civil Survey 1654 – 1656 County of Donegal, Londonderry and Tyrone, Vol. 2

Thrift:Index to Derry Wills: 1612 – 1858

Isaac Nethery of Drumran, parish of Upper Longfield, 1831

William Nethery of Keerlish, parish of Lower Longfield, 1828

Historical Survey of a Parish 1600 – 1900 Ardstraw, Newtown Stewart, County Tyrone,

Ireland by John H. Gebbie c1968

Muster Roll of 1631

Barony of Clogher Sir William Stewart, Knight, 4000 acres, his men and arms

# 42 James Graham no armes

# 48 William Graham no armes

# 65 William Graham no armes

Barony of Strabane Sir George Hamilton 2,500 acres

# 109 William Neiterarse no armes

1766 Religious Census of County Tyrone, Ireland

{list of Protestants & Catholics for each town} No Nethery

1821 Census:

Peter and Onny Neary County Galway, parish Killegnet, townland Aughlatin

Northern Ireland Marriages by Z. Mettam Vol. 1 and 2 1811 – 1851

1834 James Nerrie married Matilda Clark alias Johnstone

Index of {Naval} Commissions & Warrant books 1695 – 1742

Rank Ship Date

John Netherson Carpenter Gosport 8 Nov 1727

Chris. Netherway Bosn. Blast 29 Apr 1702

Chris. Netherway Bosn. Gunner Sharke 1 Jun 1702

Chris. Netherwaglan Gunner 20 Mar 1707

Chris. Netherway Gunner Granada 1703 – 1706



Edw Nettley Volunteer Sheerness Mar 1705

Edw Nettles Volunteer

Noy Netherston Carpenter Success 26 Oct 1739


In a discussion of the Roman Forts and Towns, the first stop after Carlisle, where one would not be permitted to linger, would be Netherby. This station was large and important, boasting a riding-school and has yielded several inscriptions, most of which are still preserved at Netherby Hall. The Hall has been erected within the precincts of the fort, which has thus been almost wholly obliterated.

History of Cumberland and by Richard S. Ferguson c 1890

” Nothing can afford greater pleasure to the liberal mind – the mind of one divested all of all party vehemence and ill – adopted prejudice, than the view of the fine country spread around Netherby, – some few years ago accursed with the horrid names of frontiers, marches and debatable ground; – a land of contention, rapine, bloodshed, natural fertility with the advantages of cultivation; abundant in its produce, occupied in piece, pouring forth blessings to a happy race, and adding wealth to the state at large. Let the disappointed spirits who gnash their teeth in the bitterness of disappointed ambition, and whole cankered hearts, rejoicing in discord and desolation, would sow seditious prejudices between us and our neighbors, come to this spot, and reap their punishment, by a prospect in which expresses the blessings derived from our Union, in characters more pointed, and images more strong, than language can compass; and more persuasive than anything but example can prove. Part of the lands viewed from this mansion, In the year 1771, where, by eruption of morass, called Solway Moss, covered with the mud, and, at the first sight, seemed to be totally ruined. — –Solway Moss lies in the parish of Kirkandrews.

History and antiquities of Cumberland Vol II pub by F. Jollie, Carlisle c 1796

The earliest record found, and it is a possible spelling for Nethery?

County Derby, England Thomas Neveley married Anna Robinson 1July 1612. Many additional English Nethery records have been lifted from IGI records and can be found in the appendix of this report.

So much has been published touching the improvements and the Roman remains at Netherby, that we thought it a duty to our readers to select what seemed most worthy of their attention, and to arrange the subjects in the following notes.

The elegant mansion of Netherby, the feat of Sir James Graham. It is situated on an eminence commanding and extensive prospect to the S. and S.W. over a flat country, finely cultivated and scattered with a Hamlet and cottages, which, by being whitened, have remarkably beautiful effect upon the landscape, as well as serving to distinguish the very property of Sir James Graham, and though wide domain he holds, within the view of his windows. – The present residence was chiefly erected by Dr. Robert Graham, after he came to the estate. In carrying along the his pleasure works.

Camden and his editor: Bishop Gibson -” the rivers Esk and Levin, being first joined, enter the sanctuary all of Itunae, at the same mouth. Esk comes out of Scotland: but for some miles owns itself of England, and receives the river Kirkfop, where were fixed not long since the limits between the English and Scott’s, though it was not so much though water as a mutual dread, ( having had sufficient experience of each other’s valour) and now mutual love, as being entirely united into one kingdom. Upon this spot where we see Netherby, a little village of two or three cottages, the ruins of some ancient city are so very wonderful and great, and the name of Esk running by them so well concur, that I imagine the old Flood there, in which formally contributing to the left cohort of the Astures was in Garrison against the barbarians. It is now the seat of the head of the family of Graham’s, very famous among the borderers.
History and antiquities of Cumberland Vol II pub by F. Jollie, Carlisle c 1796

No person with the name Nethery or variant spelling in Cumberland County England in 1847. The principal of the inhabitants of Cumberland in 1847

In the first report we cited these early possible Nethery records in Scotland. There are many more listed in the IGI.

County Perth: a Margaret Nithrie married in Allen Mackie 1643

Co Moray, Elgin: a Thomas Nedrie was born to Robert Nedrie and Isobell Russell 1667

Co Angus, Montrose: a Robert Nedrie was born to Andrew Nedrie 1670

Co Midlothian: an Andrew Nethrie married Catharine McFarlane 1680

Co Angus, Forfar: a Thomas Nevey was born to Thomas Nevey 1704

Co Kindardine: an Elizabeth Nethrie married John Balford at Fettercairn 1722

Nethery’s in America

I have endeavor to research in detail the six Nethery’s listed in my early report. I was able to find an additional one – William Netherby – 1673 in Virginia.

*James Nethery of Chester County PA 1765; also John and Robert

Results of Chester County PA research:

James Nethery was listed as a freeman in the tax list of 1753 of Kennett township, and Chester County PA p. 181 { a freeman is single and over 21}

{Milton Neathery: p. 185 of a James Nethery, landowner} I missed this one !

Neatherys of Marshall County, Tennessee by Milton and Marie Nethery c 1998

James Nethery married Lady Way on September 2, 1755 at Old Swedes Church, Wilmington, New Castle, DE. It is interesting to note that the names Caleb Way, John Way Jr., and Mary Way, a widow, appear in the same Kinnett Township, Chester County PA tax lists as mentioned below. In 1715, there are three Way heads of households in Kennett Township: John, Edward, and Nathaniel. One must be Lady’s father or grandfather. {Kennett Township in Chester County PA borders on New Castle County DE} the Old Swedes Church has been in use since 1699. It was originally Lutheran but converted to Protestant Episcopal in 1791. I believe many Scottish and Irish people were married in this church, I even have a Lowry married herein 1753.

August 1757 James Nethery, inmate, appears on provincial tax list of Kennett Township, Chester County PA p2 {an inmate is married or widowed and landless, not a prisoner!!}

1758 provincial tax list: Thomas Nethery, inmate, in Kennett Township, p3 with John Nethery, freeman; 1 April 1758; Nov. 1758; Jan. 1759 Daniel {crossed out} freeman, Kennett Township

John Nathery married Mary Lyan 13 March 1762 in the Old Swedish Church, Wilmington, New Castle, DE. {This is likely the John of Chester County PA} lived in Chester County PA from 1762 until death in 1810.

Descendant: Irene Logan, 644 Bentley Lane, Maitland, Florida 32751 7/1990

John Nethery 1762 taxes at Newlin Township as an “inmate” { married, no land}

1763 taxed Kennett Township, an inmate

taxed West Bradford Township
{This John Nethery died probably January 1813, age 65 in 1809, his wife Mary died 1804 -10, they were poor and cared for by son-in-law Dotty McKinly.}

1765 tax list: James Nedery p 27 East Marlborough Township 100 acres, 1 horse, 1 cattle with

John Nedery p 43 West Bradford, inmate

1768 tax list: John Netherington of West Fallowfield Township, freeman

1769 John Nethery, taxes forgiven {to poor to pay}, East Marlborough Township

1774 John Nethery is witnessed for a will

1774 James Nethery is a land owner in East Marlborough Township

Oath of Allegiance 1777 – James Nethery of New London

1778 – Robert Nethery of New London

1778 – Daniel Nethery of New London

1780 Names James Neitherey and Robert Neithery appear on New London, Chester County PA tax list.

1780 Silas Harry sold land to James Nethery Chester County PA Deeds W: 46

1790 John Nedrey in East Marlborough Township; John over 16, male under 16, 3 females

1800 John Netherly, on Chester County PA census in East Marlborough Township p 847

John and wife are over 45, has a son and a daughter age 16 – 26 living in the household.

Continued in Part 2

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