Family Research – English, Scottish and Irish Genealogy


About Cadw

Cadw is a Welsh word which means ‘to keep’. Cadw’s mission is to protect, conserve, and to promote an appreciation of the built heritage of Wales.

Cadw is the historic environment agency within the Welsh Assembly Government with responsibility for protecting, conserving, and promoting an appreciation of the historic environment of Wales.

Created in 1984, Cadw carries out the complete range of responsibilities for the conservation, presentation, and promotion of the built heritage of Wales on behalf of the National Assembly for Wales. These duties include:

Securing the preservation of ancient monuments and historic buildings.
Grant aiding the repair of ancient monuments and historic buildings.
Managing 127 ancient monuments in Wales which are in direct State care.
Cadw defines built heritage as the physical remains of people’s activities within the Welsh landscape. The remains include an immense variety of sites, monuments, architectural ruins and historic buildings. Archaeological sites span more than 250,000 years, from caves occupied in early prehistory, right through to industrial works of the Victorian period. The monuments and architectural ruins vary from the sculptured crosses of our early Christian forebears, through the great castles and abbeys of the Middle Ages, and on to features such as coastal defence works of the nineteenth century. The definition of historic buildings includes a vast array of structures from the humblest rural cottage to the grandest country house, as well as bridges, watermills, lighthouses, farm buildings, and even early telephone boxes. Entire towns and villages are all part of the built heritage, as are parks, gardens and much wider areas of the historic landscape.

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