Family Research – English, Scottish and Irish Genealogy

12/7/2004

Old Bailey and the Central Criminal Court: Criminal Trials

Most Pre-1834 Records Elsewhere

London and Middlesex sessions before 1834 were held before the lord mayor acting as chief justice together with other commissioners acting as judges. In practice most cases were held by legal officers, notably the Recorder and Common Serjeant of London. Records of Guildhall Sessions, relating to the City, are held by the Corporation of London Record Office, Guildhall, London, EC2P 2EJ. Records of Old Bailey sessions for the rest of London and Middlesex are at the London Metropolitan Archives, 40 Northampton Road, London, EC1R OAB.

Some Early Records and finding aids in The National Archives

Criminal Registers listing those charged with indictable offences at Middlesex Sessions, giving verdict and sentence, for 1791-1849 in HO 26; For early printed Old Bailey Proceedings see Section 6 below. Lists of prisoners for trial at the Old Bailey 1815-1849 in HO 16 and Newgate Gaol calendars for 1782-1853 in HO 77. London and Middlesex cases removed by writs of certiorari to the Court of King’s Bench are described in King’s Bench (Crown Side): 1675-1875. In addition to these original sources, the National Archives Library holds printed calendars of Middlesex sessions records for 1549-1688 in Middlesex County Records edited by J C Jeaffreson (1886-1892); for 1612-1616 in W le Hardy’s Calendar to the Sessions Records (1935-1937) and indexed typescript calendars of Sessions Rolls and Books for 1607-1612 and 1638-1751. It also holds A Knapp and W Baldwin’s Newgate Calendar, 4 vols. (1824-1828) describing ‘notorious’ cases 1700-1825 and a popular history in W Eden Hooper’s History of Newgate and the Old Bailey (1935).

For further informatio go to http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/

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