Family Research – English, Scottish and Irish Genealogy


The style of burial markers in Scotland through time

This article briefly describes the different styles of markers and burials through time in Scotland

Types of monuments found in Graveyards in Scotland

The most ancient found in most Scottish Graveyards are the “Hogback Tombs” they usually have a decoration similar to shingle. Many are connected to Viking burials.

The sarcophagus Tomb: taking the form of a casket or an altar-shape.

The Discoid Tombstone takes the form of a circular head or octagonal on a short shaft. These are normally medieval in date.

The flat Stone, recumbent slab, ledger thruch or throwch stane, these stones as the names suggest are flat stones with inscriptions along the four sides, many have coats of arms, shields, or the may have central inscriptions along with symbols of mortality. They are meant to be flat however many have been stood up to show of their design. Many are found inside of churches and can be of great age.

The Coped Stone: Are Tomb Stones with slopping stones.

The Coffin Shaped Tomb.

The Pedestal Tomb: A Tombstone topped with an Urn, Cross etc, decorated with drapes, maidens in Chitons (Greek dress), angels, the virtues etc

The Table stone: is a flat stone mounted on legs

The Obelisk, Broken Column

The Headstone dating from the 16th century and showing mortality symbols

The mural Monument: Large monuments normally found against churchyard Walls. However they can also be found on the interior walls of a Church.

Cast Iron grave marker. These belong strictly to the early nineteenth century and are becoming very rare due to rust.

Rusticated monuments are monuments treated to look like wood, logs or the form of a cross.

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